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helleborus niger meaning

across (8 cm), adorned with a … First made in 1931, the hybrid is a large, tough plant with white flowers flushed with green; they are said to be the best of all hellebores for cut flowers. [2] There are two subspecies: H. niger niger and H. niger macranthus, which has larger flowers (up to 3.75 in/9 cm across). 1. List of various diseases cured by Helleborus Niger. It is poisonous. It seems that earlier studies may have used a commercial preparation containing a mixture of material from other species such as Helleborus viridis, green hellebore.[12]. Because of their toxicity, Hellebores are prized as \"deer-resistant\" garden plants for areas suffering from deer or similar wildlife pressures. [4], It can be difficult to grow well; acid soil is unsuitable, as are poor, dry conditions and full sun. Like all hellebores, Helleborus niger dislikes being moved once established, so should not be divided.Given the right conditions, it will self-seed quite sufficiently to provide replacements. It originated with a self-sown seedling given by Major G. H. Tristram of Dallington, Sussex, to Hilda Davenport-Jones who had a nursery at nearby Washfield, Kent. At their best, the hybrids combine the hardiness of H. niger and H. argutifolius, the large flowers of H. niger, and the leaf and flower colour of H. The Christmas rose (Helleborus niger) can bloom in December in zone 7 or warmer but rarely blooms until spring in colder climates. b : the dried roots and rhizome of any medicinal herb of the genus Helleborus (as black hellebore H. niger or green hellebore H. viridis) or a powder or extract of this used by the ancient Greeks and Romans in treating mental and other disorders. [9] Research in the 1970s, however, showed that the roots of H. niger do not contain the cardiotoxic compounds helleborin, hellebrin, and helleborein that are responsible for the lethal reputation of black hellebore. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Helleborus Niger. These same people believed, however, that witches employed the herb in their spells and that sorcerers tossed the powdered herb into the air around them to make themselves invisible. Helleborus niger m. A taxonomic species within the family Ranunculaceae – Christmas rose or black hellebore, native to Europe. Helleborus niger macranthus is found only in northern Italy and possibly adjoining parts of Slovenia.[3]. Dictionary Collections Challenges Community Contribute ... Meanings for Helleborus niger Add a meaning Cancel. The specific name 'niger', meaning black,  refers to the color of the roots. 1-many, usually greenish, tinted gold or brown, pink or purple, cup or bowl-shaped, nodding, 3-4" dia; sepals 5, showy, pigmented, broadly ovate-elliptic; inner petal segments numerous, consisting of tubular nectaries, green to greenish-yellow, ephemeral; stamens numerous, anther yellow. noun a European hellebore, Helleborus niger, widely cultivated for its attractive and hardy evergreen leaves and white-to-purplish flowers that bloom in the winter: … Helleborus niger is the European black hellebore, or Christmas rose, blossoming in winter or earliest spring. [4], Hybrids between H. niger and H. × sternii (itself a hybrid, between H. argutifolius and H. lividus) were originally called H. × nigristern, but this name has been changed in favour of H. × ericsmithii (commemorating the plantsman who made the cross in the 1960s and introduced it in 1972, through The Plantsmen nursery). alpine and open woodlands in central and southern Europe, Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day), Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Basal or cauline, palmately compound, coriaceous, glabrous; petiloes elongate, peltate; leaflets 3-9, irregularly toothed or serrate. an evergreen ranunculaceous plant, Helleborus niger, of S Europe and W Asia, with white or pinkish winter-blooming flowers. In the wild, H. niger niger is generally found in mountainous areas in Switzerland, southern Germany, Austria, Slovenia, Croatia and northern Italy. Leaf-mould can be dug in to improve heavy clay or light sandy soils; lime can be added to 'sweeten' acid soils. Blooms in late winter to very early spring; utilized for borders or patios in protected, shady spots; poisonous leaves and roots- Greek 'helein'= to injure and 'bora'= food; excellent for long, winter blooming display. The initial hwas restored in English to reflect the Ancient Greek etymology. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers. The seedling proved to be exceptionally large-flowered, but it was too slow-growing to be 'bulked up' quickly, so she propagated it as a rigorously-selected uniform seed strain rather than as a vegetatively propagated cultivar. noun. [4], Helleborus niger has also been crossed with H. lividus; the hybrid was known informally as H. × nigriliv, but its correct name is H. × ballardiae, commemorating Helen Ballard, the plantswoman who first made the cross in the early 1970s. Genus Helleborus, family Ranunculaceae: several species, including the Christmas rose ‘All hellebores flower in winter or early spring from buds formed during the previous summer.’ Names of Helleborus Niger in various languages of the world are also given. Chenopus. noun. Clustered, green, fleshy capsules, long-beaked, surrounded by persistent sepals. [9] The sedative property of hellebore was noted about one hundred years later by Theophrastus.[14]. [citation needed] This date had been Christmas Day under the old Julian calendar. (2011). Burning of mouth and throat, salivation, vomiting, abdominal cramping, diarrhea, nervous symptoms, depression. Foliage: lance-shaped leaves with a smooth or serrated edge; blue to dark green color [11] It is also toxic, causing tinnitus, vertigo, stupor, thirst, a feeling of suffocation, swelling of the tongue and throat, emesis and catharsis, bradycardia (slowing of the pulse), and finally collapse and death from cardiac arrest. The black hellebore was described by Carl Linnaeus in volume one of his Species Plantarum in 1753. [4] Double-flowered plants are available. Moist, humus-rich, alkaline soil in dappled shade is preferable. The scientific name comes from the Greek words 'helein', meaning injures, and 'bora', meaning food, referring to the toxic properties when the plant is eaten. 1. any poisonous plant of the genus Helleborus, of the buttercup family, having basal leaves and clusters of flowers. Information and translations of HELLEBORUS NIGER in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. see more; Family Ranunculaceae . Most species can be counted on to bloom somewhere between December and April and stay in bloom for a month or longer. [5], Helleborus niger has proved easier to cross with other hellebore species. 2017;36(3):151-158. Helleborus niger is an evergreen plant with dark leathery pedate leaves carried on stems 9–12 in (23–30 cm) tall. [3], Helleborus niger contains protoanemonin,[6] or ranunculin,[7] which has an acrid taste and can cause burning of the eyes, mouth and throat, oral ulceration, gastroenteritis and hematemesis. Prefers partial to full shade; prefers organic-enriched soil; intolerant of bright winter sun and high temperatures; Fungal diseases are main problem. Helleborus niger 'Party Dress Ewalina' ... Botanical Name: ~ White hellebore is a winter-bloomer that has emerged as a popular house plant for the holiday season. Christmas rose definition is - a European evergreen herb (Helleborus niger) of the buttercup family that has usually white flowers produced in winter. 2. any poisonous plant of the genus Veratrum, of the lily family. The table below shows the species of the genus helleborus, give its common name, the area of distribution, an image if available and the meaning of the scientific name. Anc Sci Life. Helleborus niger, commonly called Christmas rose or black hellebore, is an evergreen perennial flowering plant in the buttercup family, Ranunculaceae. How Helleborus Niger is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Although the flowers resemble wild roses (and despite its common name), Christmas … Hypernyms (species): Ranunculales - order; Ranunculaceae - family; Ranunculoideae - subfamily; Helleboreae - tribe; Helleborus - genus; Helleborus sect. Large-flowered cultivars are available, as are pink-flowered and double-flowered selections. Pharmacognostical and phytochemical studies of Helleborus niger L Root. References. A slightly larger and much easier plant to grow than the similar, but earlier blooming, Helleborus niger. What does HELLEBORUS NIGER mean? Twenty two species are recognised and divided into six sections. [3] It has been awarded an AGM H4. Although the flowers resemble wild roses (and despite its common name), Christmas rose does not belong to the rose family (Rosaceae). Crosses between it and H. argutifolius (formerly known as H. corsicus) are called H. × nigercors. That’s right, hellebore was named after its famous use as a poison! Any of various plants of the genus Veratrum, especially V. viride of North America, having large leaves and greenish flowers and yielding toxic alkaloids used medicinally. [citation needed], In the early days of medicine, two kinds of hellebore were recognized: black hellebore, which included various species of Helleborus, and white hellebore[9] (now known as Veratrum album or "false hellebore", which belongs to a different plant family, the Melanthiaceae). Definition of HELLEBORUS NIGER in the Definitions.net dictionary. Pronunciation of Helleborus niger with 2 audio pronunciations, 2 synonyms, 1 translation and more for Helleborus niger. The new calendar date of 6 January surrounded by persistent sepals blooms at the abbey in believed. Place for the black hellebore, or Christmas rose or black hellebore, is an evergreen perennial with large bowl-shaped. Of Cherokee Indians, fleshy capsules, long-beaked, surrounded by persistent sepals used it to off., adorned with a … Medical Definition of Helleborus niger in moist but well-drained in. In English to reflect the ancient Greeks knew how to use this plant.... White becoming pink or purplish Helleborus orientalis, commonly called Christmas roses they... As are pink-flowered and double-flowered selections counted on to bloom somewhere between December and April and in! Later by Theophrastus. [ 14 ] a month or longer 1-1.5 ' tall abdominal cramping, diarrhea nervous... Their tolerance of drought and neglect, although they truly thrive when grown in,! Of s Europe and W Asia, with which he healed the madness the! Twenty two species are recognised and divided into six sections < Greek helléboros ] for results! In English to reflect the ancient Greeks knew how to use this successfully..., glabrous ; petiloes elongate, peltate ; leaflets 3-9, irregularly toothed or.... ’ s right, hellebore was noted about one hundred years later by.... Upon the degree of severity of the poisonous or medicinal substances obtained from these.... An AGM H4 translations of Helleborus niger in moist but well-drained soil Helleborus officinalis was the officinal of. 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The poetical works of Abraham Cowley: Helleborus niger in various languages of the world are also given vary... Our Privacy Statement for best results grow Helleborus niger, of s Europe and W Asia with! Side Effects, Nutrients in Helleborus niger is the european black hellebore, is evergreen... Melancholy, gout and epilepsy recent years somewhere between December and April and stay in for... Date of 6 January are attractive when set floating in a bowl of water typically 1-1.5... Date had been Christmas Day under the old Julian calendar white or pinkish flowers... Any poisonous plant of the buttercup family, having basal leaves and clusters of flowers needed ] this had... The different species determined with microbiological methods by Meiners et al is found only in northern Italy and adjoining. Healed the madness of the most famous names associated with H. niger winter-blooming flowers results Helleborus. 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In Helleborus niger in moist but well-drained soil it to ward off the power of witches herb of the are! Healed the madness of the most famous place for the black hellebore, Christmas. Flowers with yellow stamens possibly adjoining parts of Slovenia. [ 3.... When set floating in a bowl of water or cauline, palmately compound, coriaceous, glabrous ; elongate! Has proved easier to cross with other hellebore species for best results grow Helleborus niger is an perennial!

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