spanish conquest of the aztecs
It opened new doors by broadening economic and political gain. Mendoza was entirely loyal to the Spanish crown, unlike the conqueror of Mexico Hernán Cortés, who had demonstrated that he was independent-minded and defied official orders when he threw off the authority of Governor Velázquez in Cuba. Cortés became worried that some of his crew would steal his ships and desert him so he sunk his fleet before marching to Tenochtitlan. In 1535, Charles V the Holy Roman Emperor (who was as the King of Spain known as Charles I), named the Spanish nobleman Don Antonio de Mendoza the first Viceroy of New Spain. Match. Aztec people valued trade in the economy to stimulate the economy. Cortes came into the city and destroyed it. Through the lands they had conquered and the rebellions they crushed, the Aztecs had encouraged many rivals, who wanted them removed. By 1680, 94% of the Aztec population had died. the Aztecs for several reasons. After Montezuma II was killed the Aztecs elected Cuauhtemoc as … The system was implemented in subsequent conquests, including Central America and Peru. Cortez sent a ship back to Spain to deliver letters and Aztec treasure to the Spanish Conquest of the Aztecs. After the successful conquest of the Aztecs, Hernan Cortes and subsequent colonial bureaucrats were faced with two problems. This major victory marked the beginning of the Spanish Empire in the Americas. Cortes soon reached Lake Texcoco and was greeted by Moctezuma II. The Population of the New World was Decimated, It Brought Forth the Vile Encomienda System, 10 Notable Spanish Conquistadors Throughout History, 8 Important Figures in the Conquest of the Aztec Empire, Important Events in the Conquest of the Aztec Empire, Armor and Weapons of the Spanish Conquistadors, Biography of HernÃ¡n CortÃ©s, Ruthless Conquistador, Spain's American Colonies and the Encomienda System, 10 Facts About the Conquest of the Inca Empire. Conquest of the Aztec Empire Part I. Hernán Cortés was born in Seville in 1485. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at Aztec Empire - Spanish Conquest. This extreme measure was an act of rebellion against his superior, Governor Velázquez, but he eliminated any Before 1492, what we call Spain was a collection of feudal Christian Kingdoms which could barely put aside their own squabbling long enough to oust the Moors from Southern Spain. When Cortés arrived Tenochtitlán , capital of the Aztec empire, was a city with a population of 200,000 inhabitants. Ins… Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire Bernal Díaz del Castillo memorial, in Medina del Campo ( Spain ) Bernal Díaz del Castillo (c. 1496 – January 1584) was a Spanish conquistador , who participated as a soldier in the conquest of Mexico under Hernán Cortés and late in his life wrote an account of the events. The conquest of the Aztecs marked a significant period for the Spanish. almost became friends. In the first paragraph, the way of life preceding Spanish arrival and interaction will be analysed in the 1st body paragraph. Many Aztec were killed, and the city of Tenochtitlan revolted and attacked the quarters of the Spanish.17 When Cortés returned to the city, the situation turned to full scale urban warfare. The Aztecs and the Spanish Conquest for GCSE (I) This is Part 1 of the full version of our resource for the Historical Association. Later, Catholic priests arrived and began burning Native codices by the thousands. He marched to TenochtitlÃ¡n and met Aztec emperor Motecuhzoma on November 8, 1519. name given to Spanish conquest to the Americas. By using 150,000 of these native peoples and 9,000 of his own troops, Cortez The Spanish verb encomendar means "to entrust" and the system worked like this: a conquistador or bureaucrat was "entrusted" with vast lands and the Natives living on them. society suffered disasters under Mocteuzma II. These materials varied from bones to wood. The Spanish also had firearms that were superior to the Atec weapons. was wiped out. The Aztecs governed a collection of city-states and peoples who paid taxes to Tenochitilán. By August of 1521, the glorious city of Tenochtitlan was in ruins. The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire was one of the most significant events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas, as well as world history.Although the conquest of central Mexico was not the conquest of all regions in what is modern Mexico, the conquest of the Aztecs is the most significant overall. In 1519, conquistador Hernan Cortes landed on Mexico's Gulf coast and began an audacious conquest of the mighty Aztec Empire. It was an empire that people from Europe had never seen before. Thousands of adventurous young Europeans - not only Spanish - heard tales of the great riches of the Aztec Empire and they set out to make their fortune just like Cortes had. These Native "books" were a treasure trove of cultural information and history, and tragically only a few battered examples survive today. king, Carlos V, he burned their ships and set off on horses to Tenochtitlan. Conquistadors were replaced by bureaucrats and colonial officials, and Mexico would be a Spanish colony until it began its fight for independence in 1810. Moctezuma II and Cortes met and Some of them arrived in time to join Cortes, but most of them did not. He is a former head writer at VIVA Travel Guides. Both civilizations had a different way of waging war. Downfall: Aztec Civilisation A summary of the downfall of the Aztec empire and then a discussion of the legacy of the Aztecs. The tons of silver, much of which was made into the famous pieces of eight, would encourage Spain's "Siglo de Oro" or "golden century" which saw great contributions in art, architecture, music, and literature from Spanish artists.Â. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. In reality, the encomienda system was thinly-disguised enslavement and millions died in unspeakable conditions, particularly in mines. The conquest of the Aztec Empire by Hernán Cortés, at the beginning of the 16th century, was the first step to dominate this area of America. and unless they conquered Mexico, they would be severely punished when they returned, The gold and other Aztec gifts only made the Spaniards want more of the new world riches. Flashcards. The Spanish conquest was devastating to the Aztec people. Write. In 1519, conquistador Hernan Cortes landed on Mexico's Gulf coast and began an audacious conquest of the mighty Aztec Empire. This article relates the conquest of the Aztec Empire by Spanish explorer HernÃ¡n CortÃ©s in 1521. He did it through a combination of luck, courage, political savvy and advanced tactics and weapons. The smallpox weakened the Aztec cities around Tenochtitlan which soon fell to the Spanish and made it possible for the Spaniards to lay siege to Tenochtitlan. This description is based primarily on written documents from the 16th century but also includes some archaeological data. so they were desperate. When Cortes fleet landed on the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico The Spaniards camped at what is now Veracruz. Updated May 30, 2019. Aztec spies reported that these men were called Spaniards. The siege was characterised by a series of brutal and chaotic fights along the waterways and within the City precincts of Tenochtitlan as the Spaniards sought to establish control over the City whilst the Aztecs feverishly defended it. After the Spanish conquest, agricultural farming increased to trade agricultural goods with other colonies. The Aztec outnumbered the Spanish, but that didn't stop Hernán Cortés from seizing Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital, in 1521. Finally, a small-pox epidemic infected the city of Tenochtitlan and half of the city In our previous animated historical documentary we have covered the Rise of the Aztecs. The Council of the Indies was constituted in 1524 and the first Audiencia in 1527. Between 1519 and 1521, Spanish conquistadors, led by Hernán Cortés, overthrew the Aztec Empire. On his way to the Aztec city of TenochtitlÃ¡n, CortÃ©s fought and conquered the Aztec's enemies, the Tlaxcallans, and added their warriors to his own army. The first was how to reward the blood-soaked conquistadors who had taken the land (and who had been badly cheated out of their shares of the gold by Cortes). Battle of Tenochtitlan (May 22–August 13, 1521), military engagement between the Aztecs and a coalition of Spanish and indigenous combatants commanded by Hernan Cortes. rebeccafields10. This paper is aimed at examining three primary documents that can throw light on the Spanish Conquest of the Aztec Empire. Conquistadors. The technological advance of Spain helped to overcome the numerical disadvantage in which the Spaniards and their allies were against the Aztecs. This event is called the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. spanish word for "conqueror" Hernán Cortez-leader of the spanish conquest to mexico Moctezuma II was suspicious, but decided to send gifts of gold to the Spanish leader Hernan Cortes. in sugar and other grains. Second, the Aztecs had nothing like formal military strategy; wars were Two of them have been written by Spanish authors, namely Cortez (1986) and Diaz (1956), whose letters and books can be of great value to historians. ruined and Spanish rule soon spread throughout the newly gained land. The Spanish victory over the Aztec Empire was a victory against all numerical odds. Gravity. Some were successful, like Francisco Pizarro's conquest of the Inca Empire in western South America, but most were failures, like Panfilo de Narvaez' disastrous expedition to Florida in which all but four men out of over three hundred died. The "New Laws" of 1542 tried to rein in the worst aspects of the system, but they were so unpopular with colonists that Spanish landowners in Peru went into open rebellion. Cortes' successful conquest of Tenochtitlan and the Aztecs allowed Spain to soon assert dominance over the entirety of the Aztec Empire. The deterioration of relations between the Spanish and Aztec in Tenochtitlan was due to an attack ordered by Pedro de Alvarado on an Aztec festival. Over the coming years, Spain would conquer much more of the Americas, conquering other major empires like the Incas. The Spanish Conquest impacted the Aztec society’s beliefs and way of life. From 1518-1521, Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes and his army brought down the mighty Aztec Empire, the greatest the New World had ever seen. On his way to Tenochtilan Cortes persuaded many enemies (some The Spanish introduced horses, cattle, sheep and pigs to the American continents. There were many rulers between Mocteuzma I and the accession of Mocteuzma II in 1502; they had 50 years of great success with growth and conquest, but Tenochca culture and Cortes' defeat of the Aztec Empire had many ramifications, not the least of which was the eventual creation of the nation we know as Mexico. Third, Cortez and his men knew they had come into Mexico against orders Here are some of the many consequences of the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs and their lands. The weapons of Aztecs are described in another way by “The most important offensive weapon of the Aztecs was the Macana, a sort of paddle-shaped wooden club edged with sharp bits of obsidian…during the Conquest warriors beheaded Spanish horses at a single stroke” (Leyn-Portilla II-328). Test. desertion and assured the loyalty of his men. Cortes sent his first shipment of Aztec gold back to Spain in 1520, and from that moment, the gold rush was on. Our course will explore the other side of this turning point in world history: the Aztecs' troubled rise to power and how they first repulsed the Conquistadores; how their descendants survived the Spanish empire; and how, still (if not for much longer), they maintain features of the ancient tradition today. Cortes set out from the Gulf Coast with 400 Spaniards, 16 horses, and several cannons. completely dismantled the Aztec Empire and in the process gained control of those who were fighting for their own freedom. Created by. Far worse than the violence inflicted by the conquistadors was the horror of smallpox. The Spanish Conquest Of The Aztec History Essay. Terms in this set (14) La Conquista. The Spanish Conquistadors came armed with cannons, crossbows, lances, fine Toledo swords and firearms, none of which had ever been seen by Native warriors before. By August of 1521, the glorious city of Tenochtitlan was in ruins. The Aztecs were looking for ways to immobilize or injure their enemies with the help of weapons made of organic materials to capture them. There are many mixed feelings about the impact of the Spaniards in the new world. largely fought as large-scale individual combats. Mexico and the Caribbean soon filled with desperate, ruthless soldiers looking to take part in the next great conquest. They decided to kill two birds with one stone by implementing the encomienda system. Following the Spanish arrival in Mexico, a huge battle erupted between the army of Cortes and the Aztec people under the rule of Montezuma. Others were enslaved, driven from their homes, or forced to endure starvation and rapine. of the sixteenth century, but most importantly, the reign of Mocteuzma II was effected by the the Spaniards under Cortez in 1519-1522. This wealth made Spain a world power and involved them in wars and conquests around the globe. Conquistadors routinely destroyed temples inhabited by "devils" and told the Natives that their god was the only one and that to worship their traditional deities was heresy. The took potatoes, tomatoes, beans and maize It is very likely that Tenochca power would have been in trouble by the middle Interesting Facts about the Spanish Conquest of the Aztecs. They brought Spell. The gold and other Aztec gifts only made the Spaniards want more of the new world riches. Aztec spies reported that these men were called Spaniards. back to Europe. The encomendero was responsible for the safety, education and religious well-being of the men and women on his land, and in exchange, they paid him with goods, food, labor, etc. Moctezuma, then emperor of the Aztecs, had authority over about 5 million people in much of the territory that is now known as Mexico. The Spaniards defeated The name "N… Aztec slaves were used to maintain the agricultural area. It is believed that he died when some Aztecs contemplated his possible complicity with the Spaniards and threw ston… Cortes’s army besieged Tenochtitlan for 93 days. The Native cultures of the New World were warlike and tended to fight first and ask questions later, so there was much conflict and many Natives were killed in battle. The Broken Spears of Miguel León Portilla, describes the Spanish conquest of Mexico and the struggle of the Aztecs to protect their cultural space in those times. The Aztec empire was a wealthy and a well-organized society. The second was how to rule large swaths of conquered land. Conquistador armies scoured the New World for wealthy cities to loot. There were many factors that contributed to the remarkable victory by the Spanish in Mexico. The disease killed hundreds of millions in Mexico alone: it's impossible to know specific numbers, but by some estimates, smallpox wiped out between 25% and 50% of the population of the Aztec Empire. A codex written after the conquest by a Spanish priest depicts Tenochtitlan's enormous skull rack, or tzompantli. First, there were many of the surrounding peoples with hostility toward Tenochtitlan. Once captured, they were taken to their cities where they were enslaved or used as human sacrifices in homage to their gods. The term Aztec was coined by the Spanish but was made popular by the Germans in the early 1900s. PLAY. One hundred years later, a united Spain was a European powerhouse. The Aztec lands were renamed "New Spain" and the colonization process began. The vanquished culture kept their temples and their gods, and often welcomed the new deities, on the grounds that their followers' victory had proven them strong. Although much of the original gold looted from the Aztec Empire was lost to shipwrecks or pirates, rich silver mines were discovered in Mexico and later in Peru. 2021 is the quincentenary of the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs. Catholic priests arrived and began an audacious conquest of the New spanish conquest of the aztecs riches Empire the. 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